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  • Writer's pictureTikona Capital

Navigating volatile markets: Strategies for risk-adjusted returns

Updated: Sep 13, 2023

Navigating volatile markets demands a prudent blend of strategies to optimize risk-adjusted returns. Diversification, a cornerstone, involves spreading investments across various asset classes like stocks, bonds, and commodities. This shields against single-market fluctuations. Moreover, rebalancing ensures a steady mix, forcing sales of over-performing assets and acquisitions of underperforming ones.


The impact of inflation on portfolios highlights the importance of considering asset classes that can provide a hedge against inflation, such as equities and real estate despite a challenge on growth. Investing in volatile markets can be a daunting task, with unpredictable price swings and heightened uncertainty.

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The Indian market has witnessed its share of volatility in recent times, driven by a combination of domestic and global factors.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, geopolitical tensions, and economic indicators has influenced market sentiment and investor behaviour.

Understanding the market scenario, challenges, and outlook for the near term is crucial for investors navigating through these uncertain times.

Macroeconomic events coupled with events like the COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on the global as well as Indian economy and financial markets. The strict lockdown measures and disruptions to business activities resulted in a contraction in GDP growth and heightened market volatility. However, as the country gradually emerges from the crisis, there are signs of recovery and optimism.

Economic indicators such as interest rates and inflation have played a crucial role in shaping market dynamics. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has taken proactive measures to support the economy by maintaining accommodative monetary policy and providing liquidity.

The reduction in interest rates has stimulated borrowing and investment, providing a boost to sectors such as housing, automobiles, and infrastructure.

Inflationary pressures have been a cause for concern, with rising commodity prices and supply chain disruptions. The RBI has been closely monitoring inflation and has taken steps to manage liquidity and control inflationary expectations.

The impact of inflation on portfolios highlights the importance of considering asset classes that can provide a hedge against inflation, such as equities and real estate despite a challenge on growth.

Investing in volatile markets can be a daunting task, with unpredictable price swings and heightened uncertainty. However, understanding the factors that drive market volatility and employing appropriate strategies can help investors navigate these turbulent waters and generate risk-adjusted returns.

In this article, we will explore the causes of market volatility, the impact of economic indicators on portfolios, strategies to navigate market volatility, and the role of impact investing and diversified portfolios in uncertain times.

Understanding market volatility:

Market volatility arises due to a multitude of factors, including economic events, geopolitical tensions, investor sentiment, and unexpected news. These factors can trigger significant price fluctuations, creating both opportunities and risks for investors. Economic indicators, such as interest rates and inflation, play a crucial role in influencing market volatility.

The movements in interest rates directly affect borrowing costs, investment decisions, and overall economic activity. When interest rates rise, it can lead to a slowdown in economic growth, higher borrowing costs for businesses, and decreased consumer spending.

On the other hand, declining interest rates can stimulate economic expansion but may raise concerns about inflation. Fluctuations in inflation rates can impact purchasing power, consumer spending patterns, and corporate profitability.

Impact on portfolios:

The impact of economic indicators on investment portfolios can vary depending on the asset allocation and investment strategy. Rising interest rates tend to affect fixed-income securities negatively, as higher rates lead to a decline in bond prices.

However, sectors such as financials and cyclical stocks may benefit from higher rates due to increased lending profitability and improved business prospects.

Inflation can erode the real value of investment returns, particularly fixed-income investments. Investors need to consider asset classes that have historically performed well during inflationary periods, such as equities, real estate, and commodities.

Additionally, certain sectors, like consumer staples and utilities, tend to be less affected by inflation due to the essential nature of their products and services.

Here are some strategies for risk-adjusted returns


Building a diversified portfolio across different asset classes, regions, and sectors can help mitigate risk and reduce the impact of market volatility. By spreading investments, investors can potentially offset losses in one area with gains in another. Diversification provides the opportunity to participate in different market segments, thereby reducing the overall risk exposure.

Long-Term Perspective:

Volatile markets can tempt investors to make impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements. However, maintaining a long-term perspective and adhering to a well-defined investment strategy can help avoid knee-jerk reactions. By focusing on fundamental analysis, market trends, and the underlying value of investments, investors can better withstand short-term volatility and achieve long-term financial goals.

Active Risk Management:

Implementing risk management techniques, such as hedging or planning for near-term cashflows, can help protect portfolios from excessive downside risk. These tools allow investors to automatically sell a security if it reaches a predetermined cash requirement, limiting potential losses when cash flows are needed. Additionally, periodically rebalancing the portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation can help manage risk and capture potential opportunities.

Impact investing strategies: Navigating volatility with purpose

Impact investing, which aims to generate positive social and environmental outcomes alongside financial returns, can play a vital role in navigating volatile markets.

Impact investments often focus on sectors such as renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, healthcare, and education, which tend to exhibit resilience during economic downturns.

Investing in companies with strong environmental, social, and governance (ESG) practices can help reduce risk and provide stability to a portfolio during turbulent times.

Diversified portfolios: A shield against market volatility

A diversified portfolio, comprising a mix of asset classes, can act as a shield against market volatility.

By allocating investments across equities, fixed income, real estate, and alternative investments, investors can reduce the impact of market fluctuations on their overall portfolio.

Different asset classes tend to exhibit diverse performance characteristics, allowing investors to capture potential gains in one area while mitigating losses in another.

Moreover, within each asset class, diversification can be achieved by investing across various sectors, industries, and geographies.

This approach helps to reduce concentration risk and increase exposure to different market drivers, improving the resilience of the portfolio.


"Volatility is not the enemy; it is an opportunity. Embrace it with a strategic mindset, and you can unlock hidden potentials in even the most uncertain times." - Jane Smith, Investment Advisor.


Volatility in financial markets is inevitable, and investors must be prepared to navigate the associated risks and uncertainties.

By understanding the factors that contribute to market volatility, investors can make informed decisions and develop strategies to generate risk-adjusted returns.

Building a diversified portfolio, adopting a long-term perspective, and implementing active risk management techniques can help investors withstand market fluctuations and capture potential opportunities.

Additionally, impact investing provides a compelling avenue for aligning financial objectives with positive social and environmental outcomes.

In challenging market conditions, it is essential to stay disciplined, seek professional advice, and continuously evaluate and adjust investment strategies. By doing so, investors can position themselves for success and achieve their long-term financial goals.

Sumit Poddar

Chief Investment Officer & Smallcase Portfolio Manager

Tikona Capital

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